B. A.: Biology
B. S.: Biology
Requirements for Major (B.A.)
A student planning to major in biology develops a plan of study based on the following guidelines. The biology major consists of forty to forty-three credits of biology plus eighteen credits in other science departments. In the plan of study, the student must select at least one course from each of the following: (Botanical) – Biology 230, 234, 235, 241, 248, 249, or 346; (Zoological) – Biology 214, 231, 232, 233, 238, 239, 247, 248, 324, 342, or 346. No single course can fulfill both Botanical and Zoological requirements for a student.
Requirements for Major (B.S.)
Forty to forty-three v of biology plus thirty-three credits in other science departments. It requires careful and nearly complete use of a student’s electives and is intended for those students who need the specific and additional sciences required for entry into graduate programs leading to technical science careers or the Ph.D. in a biological field.
The course requirements are the same as listed for the B.A. degree except Area VI (Supporting Science) is replaced by: one semester of Organic Chemistry (Chemistry 201); a year each of Mathematics (Mathematics 201: Calculus I or Math 131: Essentials of Calculus; and one of Mathematics 202: Calculus II, Mathematics 127: Introductory Statistics, or Math 227: Data Analysis) and Physics (Physics 200: Mechanics and Waves and one of Physics 205: Classical and Modern Physics, Physics 218: Introductory Electromagnetism, or Physics 213, 214, and 215: Thermodynamics, Relativity, and Laboratory) are also required. An independent research project (Biology 492: Directed Research or other equivalent experience) is highly recommended.
Area I: Foundational Courses in Biology
Biology 170: Concepts in Biology: Biological Information, Reproduction, and Evolution is to be taken by all majors and minors as a prerequisite to all other Biology courses except those at the 100-level.
Biology 180: Concepts in Biology: Energy and Resources in Biology is to be taken by all majors or minors as a prerequisite to all other Biology courses, except those at the 100-level.
Note: Biology 170 and Biology 180 may be taken in either order. Students with an advanced placement score of 4 will receive credit for Biology 110N (4 credits). Students with an advanced placement score of 5 will receive credit for Biology 250B (5 credits).
Biology 255: Biological Literacy is to be taken by all Biology majors by the end of the fall of the junior year; prerequisites: Biology 170 & 180
Area II: Breadth of the Biological Experience
A minimum of four credits from each of the following groups. Note that all courses at the 200-level and above have Biology 170 and 180 as prerequisites.
Group 1: Molecules, Organelles, Cells
- Biology 210: Molecular Neurobiology; 5 credits
- Biology 212: The Cell; 5 credits; prerequisite: Biology 170
- Biology 214: Developmental Biology; 5 credits
- Biology 215: Genetics; 5 credits
- Biology 219: Immunology; 5 credits
- Biology 310: Molecular Biology; 5 credits; prerequisite: Chemistry 162
- Biology 316: Molecular Genetics and Bioinformatics; prerequisite Chemistry 162
Group 2: Tissues, Organs, Systems
- Biology 220: Neurobiology; 5 credits; alternate prerequisite: Psychology 110
- Biology 221: Pharmacology; 4 credits
- Biology 223: Survey of Human Diseases; 4 credits
- Biology 324: Animal Physiology; 5 credits; prerequisite: Chemistry 162
- Biology 325: Human Anatomy and Physiology I; 5 credits; prerequisite: 1 upper level Biology course or permission of instructor
- Biology 326: Human Anatomy and Physiology II, 4 credits; prerequisite: 1 upper level Biology course or permission of instructor
- Biology 327: Human Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory; 1 credit, to be taken concurrently with Biology 326 if desired
Group 3: Organisms
- Biology 230: Woody Plants, 4 credits
- Biology 231: Vertebrate Zoology; 5 credits
- Biology 232: Herpetology; 5 credits
- Biology 233: Ornithology; 5 credits
- Biology 234: Morphology of Nonvascular Plants; 5 credits
- Biology 235: Morphology and Taxonomy of Vascular Plants; 5 credits
- Biology 237: Microbiology; 5 credits
- Biology 238: Entomology; 5 credits
- Biology 239: Marine Invertebrates; 5 credits
Group 4: Populations, Communities, Ecosystems
- Biology 243: Cave Ecology; 4 credits
- Biology 247: Marine Ecology; 5 credits; prerequisite Math Placement 22
- Biology 248: Comparative Communities-Bahamas; 5 credits
- Biology 249: Comparative Communities-Northern Forests; 5 credits
- Biology 341: Limnology; 5 credits; prerequisite: Chemistry 162
- Biology 342: Stream Ecology; 5 credits; prerequisite; Chemistry 162 and Biology 341
- Biology 346: Ecology; 5 credits; prerequisites: one group 2, 3, or 4 course.
- Biology 347: Evolution; 4 credits; prerequisites: At least two other biology courses at the 200-level or higher.
Area III: Biological Electives
A minimum of five credits of additional credits from any of the above or Biology 258: Extended Field Studies, up to 5 credits *: Biology 250: Topics (topic varies with offering), up to 5 credits; Biology 492: Directed Research, up to 5 credits *; Biology 493: Internship, up to 5 credits *; and Biology 494 Topic Seminar; 1-5 credits (topic varies with offering). Up to five credits of 100-level Biology may count here with Department approval.
*Up to five credits of each may count toward the major.
Area IV: Capstone Experience
Biology 406: Senior Capstone Seminar, 4 credits, taken during the senior year.
Area V: Chemical Foundations
Ten credits of chemistry: Chemistry 121 and Chemistry 162.
Area VI: Supporting Science
A minimum of eight credits from the Departments of Chemistry (beyond Chemistry 162), Computer Science, Environmental Studies, Geology (150 or higher), Marine Science, Mathematics (120 or higher), or Physics (107 or higher). It is not required that all the credits be taken from the same department.
The following courses also satisfy the requirements in the related sciences:
• Health, Fitness and Sport 250: Nutrition
• Psychology 107: Statistics
• Psychology 207: Experimental Design
• Psychology 311: Behavioral Neuroscience
Minor in Biology
A minor in biology requires 24 credits, including Biology 170 and 180, plus 14 additional credits in majors-level biology courses. These may be selected by the student in consultation with the biology minor adviser so that diversification or specialization is possible. Advice and consent of the department chair are required for a biology minor.