Under authority of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.A.C., 2809), the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) funded 17 Upward Bound projects as pilot programs in the summer of 1965. In 1966, Upward Bound was authorized as a national program under Title II.A of the Economic Act. On July 1, 1969, the Upward Bound program was transferred from OEO to the U.S. Office of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (H.E.W). On May 7, 1980, under the Carter administration, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was reorganized. The newly formed Department of Education combined more than 150 programs from five departments including TRIO Programs for Disadvantaged Students.