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What Is Fake News?

Innovative Wittenberg Religion Class Shows Students That Deception In Media Is An Age-Old Dilemma

Springfield, Ohio – When Assistant Professor of Religion Travis Proctor introduced his innovative class titled “Fake News, Forgeries, & Frauds,” little did he know that his students would have a global health crisis to provide the ultimate study guide.

The course included an assignment for students to compile a Fake News Inventory, through which they had to analyze the news they consume and determine its validity. The results were encouraging for professor and students, as they found abundant examples of misinformation on modern-day social media accounts and websites – mostly focused on the COVID-19 pandemic – that were not entirely without precedent.

“One of the biggest takeaways for me from this project and from the class as a whole is being able to identify fake news more easily and how to combat the spread of fake news,” said Lena Pirt, class of 2021 from Hilliard, Ohio. “While I expected to learn how to identify fake news, I did not expect to learn how to combat the spread of fake news.

“This class and project enhanced my educational journey at Wittenberg by getting me out of my comfort zone. We explored forgeries and frauds in ancient texts, such as the Bible, ancient art forgeries, and modern-day hoaxes as well. We also engaged in many class discussions that I wanted to participate in and held my attention.”

Pirt, who is majoring in theatre, created a fake news broadcast for her project. Her broadcast features fake interviews that include outlandish opinions about the COVID-19 pandemic, effectively illustrating how easy it is to access misinformation.

Emily Malick, class of 2023 from Westerville, Ohio, gained so much from the class that she declared religion as a minor to go along with her pursuit of a degree in psychology.

“When I signed up for this class, I really had no idea what it would be like, but I really have loved it,” Malick said. “This project showed what we learned in class about forgeries and fake news throughout history but brought it into modern times that we can better understand and relate to. This class has gone way beyond my expectations and was my favorite class of this semester.”

“I have truly learned so much about the history of not just Christianity but many other religions and belief systems, too,” Malick added. “The project just made me more aware of how the deep history of false information is still very relevant today and affects people every day. It also taught me how to take some very simple steps to check the information that I am taking in.”

Matt Myers, class of 2023 from Plain City, Ohio, said his eyes have been opened to how quickly misinformation can spread, in addition to the tremendous volume of fake news popping up on social media sites.

“The class and project both made me realize that I need to be more skeptical of the things I hear,” said Myers, who is majoring in computer science. “I learned new tools to decide whether information is reliable or not.”

Proctor said he was impressed with the way the students engaged in the class discussions and found creative ways to express what they had learned in their projects.

“I’ve been really proud of how the students have tackled these topics and used them to reflect on their own practices,” he said. “They’re clearly invested in making sure that they use their studies to make a difference in their own and others’ lives. That’s helped underscore for me how liberal arts fields such as my own (religious studies, ancient history) have a lot to contribute to addressing contemporary challenges like fake news.”

Studying Religion At Wittenberg
The interdisciplinary nature of Wittenberg's religion program exposes students to a broad range of perspectives “historical, literary, philosophical, theological and social scientific."
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About Wittenberg

Wittenberg's curriculum has centered on the liberal arts as an education that develops the individual's capacity to think, read, and communicate with precision, understanding, and imagination. We are dedicated to active, engaged learning in the core disciplines of the arts and sciences and in pre-professional education grounded in the liberal arts. Known for the quality of our faculty and their teaching, Wittenberg has more Ohio Professors of the Year than any four-year institution in the state. The university has also been recognized nationally for excellence in community service, sustainability, and intercollegiate athletics. Located among the beautiful rolling hills and hollows of Springfield, Ohio, Wittenberg offers more than 100 majors, minors and special programs, enviable student-faculty research opportunities, a unique student success center, service and study options close to home and abroad, a stellar athletics tradition, and successful career preparation.

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