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Phrase Searching

  • use quotation marks to bind terms as phrases, e.g. "peer pressure"

Boolean Operators


  • by default, all terms in a search are combined with the AND operator
  • boolean operations (AND, OR, NOT) must be entered in ALL CAPS
    • cats AND kittens
    • cats OR kittens
    • cats NOT kittens

Wild Cards and Truncation Symbols


  • the asterisk (*) will match zero or more characters within a word or at the end of a word
    • e.g. lab*r will find labour or labor
    • e.g. psycholog* will find psychology, psychological, psychologically, etc.
  • the question mark (?) will match any one character
    • e.g. wom?n will find women or woman or womyn
  • wildcards cannot be used as the first character of a search
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