Sociology Internships & Off-Campus Opportunities

An internship involves the application of learned skills to a setting, agency or organization relating to the department which coordinates the internship. An internship should challenge the student to examine the values of the organization or agency involved in the experience, and to assess the student's education as it relates to that experience. The internship, whether paid or unpaid, should be viewed as both an academic and a work experience. For more information on internships at Wittenberg, visit the internships website.

Opportunities for Internships in Sociology

Sociology is a broad ranging discipline, covering many topics relevant to today's society. Therefore, the options for internships are also very broad. Many sociology students are interested in working in a social service setting in order to explore the practical issues of providing for the needs of individuals in society. Another popular area is the sociological study of bureaucracy and complex organizations, especially relevant for students with an interest in business administration or personnel/human resources. Opportunities are also possible in health care settings, in the criminal justice system, as well as in legal and political settings. Some students may wish to locate internships with an international focus.


A student must be in good academic standing (2.0 cumulative GPA and not on academic probation). The student must have 60 semester hours completed (or 57 if summer internship). Finally, a student must be a Sociology major or minor and have completed two courses in Sociology. (NOTE: internships do NOT count towards the Sociology minor)

General Procedure

  • Identify a clear set of learning goals; discuss with the appropriate faculty member.
  • Locate an appropriate agency and arrange for an on-site supervisor.
  • Determine, in consultation with the faculty supervisor, the requirements for the internship; ALL internships require:
    • at least 60 hours at the agency (for 2 credits)
    • some preparatory readings
    • on-site supervisor's final written evaluation
    • a final written paper
  • Complete internship form and register for SOCI 491 for 2,3, or 4 credits. Thirty hours of experience are required for each credit.
  • Special arrangements can be made for getting Writing Intensive credit for an internship.
  • Students interested in summer internships should talk with a faculty member early in Spring semester.

Social Services

Social services agencies offer a tremendous diversity of experiences for students. Examples include various social welfare agencies, family and child welfare agencies, and agencies which address specific issues such as substance abuse. Students interested in social work as a profession are particularly encouraged to have a social service internship. Students with an interest in women's studies can locate an internship in agencies which serve the special needs of women in our society.

Medical and Health Settings

Given that the medical and health care industries are growing in our society, students often find that medical sociology and anthropology are of particular interest. Examples of settings include hospitals and well-baby clinics. Students interested in gerontology often intern at a nursing home.

Legal and Criminal Justice Settings

The legal and criminal justice system offers opportunities for students interested in criminology or law and society. In addition to working in the court system, students could consider an internship with a law enforcement agency, a probations and parole office, or facility for juveniles.

Complex Organizations

The sociological study of bureaucracy and complex organizations has a long history. Students with an interest in business administration can arrange an internship working with the management of a business organization. Students more interested in labor relations or the sociology of work might explore opportunities with the personnel/human resources department or with a union organization.

Educational Settings

Students wishing to understand today's educational institution might arrange an internship in a school. While most students won't be teaching, other opportunities in public and private schools are often available.

Political Sociology

Internships in political sociology would be possible both in governmental agencies (at local, state or federal level) or with various organizations (such as environmental organizations) interested in social and political change.


One of the newest and most fascinating areas of sociology is examining media in society.

International Internships

Students may be interested in internships with organizations which have an international focus or which are located outside the US.

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